Succulent Karoo

Nutrient-rich soils in the winter-rainfall regions with low rainfall (less than 300 mm per year) are predominantly covered in succulent plants that form a specific biome – Succulent Karoo, the most diverse semi-desert vegetation type in the world.The most prominent plant groups in terms of diversity are Aizoaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Crassulaceae, and succulent members of Asteraceae etc. Many geophytes i.e. Iridaceae, Hyacinthaceae are also very well-represented. A world-famous aspect of the biome is the spectacular spring blooming of many Asteraceae (genera Arctotis, Gazania, Gorteria, Ursinia, etc.) in Namaqualand.

Knersvlakte Succulent Karoo
Knersvlakte – world-famous hotspot of succulent diversity
Namaqualand Succulent Karoo
Namaqualand – spectacular spring bloom of various Asteraceae members (e.g. Cotula, Felicia, Gazania, Ursinia, etc.)

 


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ID Taxonomic placement Sort descending 1C value (Mbp) Life form Vegetation type GPS coordinates
3893 Galenia africana L. 1582.00 Chamaephyte Renosterveld, Succulent Karoo 33° 59.50000' S , 18° 49.90000' E
14-617 Hirpicium alienatum Druce 1030.50 Chamaephyte Albany Thicket, Succulent Karoo 33° 43.16667' S , 22° 7.03333' E
3900 Microloma sagittatum R.Br. 262.16 Phanerophyte Fynbos, Renosterveld, Succulent Karoo 31° 25.71667' S , 19° 46.56667' E
18-005 Microloma sagittatum R.Br. 291.09 Phanerophyte Fynbos, Renosterveld, Succulent Karoo 31° 21.66667' S , 19° 8.16667' E
4121 Searsia lancea F.A.Barkley 414.71 Phanerophyte Azonal, Succulent Karoo 31° 26.15000' S , 19° 45.90000' E
14-006 Searsia rosmarinifolia F.A.Barkley 389.64 Chamaephyte Fynbos, Renosterveld, Succulent Karoo 33° 41.78333' S , 19° 4.11667' E
4156 Searsia undulata T.S.Yi, A.J.Mill. & J.Wen 383.09 Phanerophyte Succulent Karoo 31° 19.51667' S , 19° 6.76667' E
14-027 Zantedeschia aethiopica Spreng. 2094.81 Geophyte Azonal, Fynbos, Succulent Karoo 33° 41.78333' S , 19° 4.11667' E

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